Saturday, May 23, 2020
Stanford Prison Experiment was a study that was conducted to determine the psychology of imprisonment. It was a simulation experiment that was carried out at Stanford University, Stanford, Calif. This has been dubbed as the classical psychological experiment regarding prisoners and even explains the prisoner abuse that was meted to the poor Muslim prisoners at Abu Ghraib Prison in Cuba. The research questions were to know whether evil prevailed over humanity or whether humanity was suppressed by the evil? A further question was to determine the consequence of putting normal people in an evil place such as a prison. The simulated experiment of prison life was conducted in Stanford University by the students in the Summer term of 1971. Over the years there have been some controversial psychology experiments over many decades. Many of these well known experiments include the Asch Conformity Experiment and the Milgram Experiment. One of the most controversial is the Stanford Prison Experiment. This experiment was put together by Stanford professor Philip Zimbardo who conducted this experiment in 1971. This is the most well known experiment that Zimbardo has ever done. Zimbardo did this experiment to show the psychological effects of becoming a prisoner or prison guard. Zimbardo has impacted the study of psychology to this day by how the prison experiment was set up, what happened during the experimented, what other research he has done throughout his lifetime (McLeod). TheShow MoreRelatedThe Stanford Prison Experiment : A Experiment890 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Stanford Prison Experiment has been one of great controversy since it took place in 1971. Originally established to observe and record the psychological effec ts the criminal justice system has on prisoners and guards, the experiment went awry due to the neglect of Zimbardo, the scientist holding the experiment. The Stanford Prison Experiment or SPE consisted of 18 students and 6 alternatives recreating regular prison life by being randomly assigned the roles of prisoner and guard. Due to hisRead MoreStanford Prison Experiment : Stanford Jail Experiment Essay714 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesNathan Mariano Estepa September 13, 2015 Stanford Prison Experiment Zimbardo decided to run an experiment where he would turn a basement under the Stanford campus into a mock prison where he would interview several participants where they would randomly get assigned either guard, or prisoner. Zimbardo aimed to see how everyone pertained the roles they were placed in. Interviewing 75 potential participants, Zimbardo only chose 24 male college students which they received payments of $15/day. TheyRead MoreThe Stanford Prison Experiment1006 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCharlie Parrish Mrs. Gumina English III, Hr. 4 18 March 2015 Introduction The Stanford Prison experiment was conducted in 1971, during the summer, at Stanford University. The mastermind behind the experiment was Philip G. Zimbardo, a psychologist and a professor at Stanford University. To help closely simulate a prison environment they called upon an expert. Ã¢â¬Å"Our study of prison life began, then, with an average group of healthy, intelligent, middle class malesÃ¢â¬ (Zimbardo 4). With this group ofRead MoreStanford Prison Experiment905 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Stanford Prison Experiment California State University, Long Beach The Stanford Prison Experiment The Stanford Prison Experiment is a very thought-provoking topic discussed in various classes. Professor and psychologist Philip Zimbardo conducted this experiment through Stanford University. Twenty-four men were randomly selected to participate in a simulated prison environment and were given roles as prisoners or prison guards. This was done to challenge the moral compass of Ã¢â¬Å"goodÃ¢â¬ individualsRead MoreThe Stanford Prison Experiment1658 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesimportant issues today. The Stanford Prison Experiment, conducted over 40 years ago, brought these ethical issues into the limelight and remains one of the most controversial studies in the history of studying human behavior. This paper aims to define ethics, describe risk/benefit ratio, provide a brief background on the Stanford Prison Experiment, and evaluate the impact it has had on psychological research. Ã¢â¬Æ' The Stanford Prison Experiment The Stanford Prison Experiment probably tops a lot of listsRead MoreThe Stanford Prison Experiments1627 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMollie Herrick Professor Ronnfeldt WRC 1013, 0B2 September 26, 2014 The Stanford Prison Experiments The Stanford Prison Experiments, which happened over forty years ago, showed how power, and being powerless, would change and affect a person to do things they wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t normally do. The experiment was started to show what being in the situation of prison would do to a person psychologically. Ã¢â¬Å"I wanted to know who wins -- good people or an evil situation -- when they were brought into direct confrontationÃ¢â¬ (ZimbardoRead MoreThe Stanford Prison Experiment1902 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe Stanford prison experiment was conducted at Stanford University on August 14th through August 20th in 1971, by a team of researchers headed by psychology professor Philip Zimbardo. This experiment used college students and was funded by the U.S. Office of Naval Research. The U.S. Navy and Marine Corps were both very interested in this particular experiment due to the many violent outbreaks and conflicts between military guards and prisoners. In 2010 Hollywood produced a movie on the eve nts ofRead MoreThe Stanford Prison Experiment And The Milgram Experiment1007 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesguidelines, the advantages outweigh them. This is evident from two of the most famous psychological investigations: the Stanford Prison Experiment (SPE) and the Milgram Experiment. This paper outlines and describes the benefits and drawbacks of ethical guidelines based on evidence obtained from the two experiments mentioned before. Advantages of Ethical Guidelines Unlike other experiments, psychological investigations rely heavily on human or animal subjects to obtain information to advance human healthRead MoreThe Stanford Prison Experiment : A Controversial Experiment Essay2013 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesSTANFORD PRISON EXPERIMENT REVIEW 2 The Stanford Prison Experiment A Controversial Experiment in Review Overview The general topic of this article is the effects of incarceration on people from both the side of the prisoners and the guards. Even though the researchers didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a specific hypothesis going into the experiment other than Ã¢â¬Å"...assignment to the treatment of Ã¢â¬ËguardÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬ËprisonerÃ¢â¬â¢ would result in significantly different reactions on behavioral measures of interaction, emotional measuresRead MoreA Report On The Stanford Prison Experiment904 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages A Report on the Stanford Prison Experiment of 1971 I. Introduction: This report on the Stanford Prison Experiment will define the ethical issues related to prisoner treatment and prison culture in a mock scenario created 1971. The findings of this study define the inclination towards corruption and riotous behavior within the overarching relationship between guard and the prisoners. In a short period of time,. The prisoners became hostile and sought to start a riot in order to free themselves
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Introduction Financial institutions are the most important institution in the development and financing the countries regardless of the developing countries, the countries has developed or is still underdeveloped. A large role in the country cause financial institutions must be sensitive and transparent in governance. However, not all financial institutions are banks. Financial institutions are included bank, finance companies, merchant bank, credit and leasing companies, national savings banks, co-operative bank, discount houses, factoring companies and so on. In addition, financial institutions can be classified into two which are depository and non-depository institutions. The common function among all these institutions is they were assigned to mobilize the fund from those who had fund to those who short of fund. So, we know that they were also known as financial intermediaries. Development and establishment of the bank Bumiputra actually closely related to the economy as well as propel the country towards a balanced development. Malaysia is a rapidly developing country in 1991 until just before the Asian financial crisis. Besides that, the economy is also at par with the developed economies in East Asia such as Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and Hong Kong. A high growth level in excess of 9.0% was accompanied by an increase in the per capita income of the population in 1970 from RM993 to RM4357 in 1990. In additional, inflation rate also decreases so does the level ofShow MoreRelatedForeign Direct Investment And Developing Countries1442 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbenefits countries through a transfer of resources in the form of capital, technology, management of resources, creation of work opportunities, and a positive impact on the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s balance sheet, typically through an increase in export volumes. These benefits are essential for sustainable growth a nd development of a country, especially for developing countries. Despite the important role that foreign direct investment plays in helping to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, many developing countriesRead MoreThe Impact Of Financial Development On Society s Inequality Gap931 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCagetti and Nardi (2006) argue that financial development is beneficial to the individuals who have higher ability to make investment and then become the entrepreneurs. In contrast, the individuals who are relatively more common could not make human investment and then become the workers. Therefore, the whole societyÃ¢â¬â¢s inequality gap will be widen. Maurer and Haber (2003) suggest that in the process of financial liberalization and financial deepening, the financing channels for low income peopleRead MoreThe World Trade Organization Essay1690 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageskey multilateral economic institutions provide financial support though grants and loans as a way to enable economic and social development to occur in developing countries. The three main institutions i will be talking about include the World Bank, International Monetary Fund and the World Trade Organisation. These organisations provide loans, grants and practical assistance to governments, in addition to loaning money to assist private businesses within developing countries. They also play a significantRead MoreThe Structure And Operation Of The Global Economy Essay1451 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIIAÃ¢â¬âSection 2 The structure and operation of the global economy have undergone unprecedented changes in recent decades. Developing countries have increasingly accepted federal investment as an effective pathway to economic development and modernization, income growth, and employment. In fact, over 36% of all foreign inflows were to developing countries in 2005, (BÃ ¼the 741). This shift has been accompanied by varying regulatory demands from a growing body of stakeholders, with attempts to governRead MoreMonetary and Fiscal Policy Essay examples1403 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfiscal policy and their applications to the third world countries with a huge informal sector This essay seeks to explain what are monetary and fiscal policy and their roles and contribution to the economy. This includes the role of the government in regulating the economical performance of a country. It also explains the different features and tools of monetary and fiscal policy and their performance when applied to the third world countries with a huge informal sector. Monetary Policy MonetaryRead MoreThe Decline Of The United States964 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesworld s great economic depression. The second fall took place in the 1970s and 80s, the time which the international competitiveness of U.S. commodities and capital decreased significantly. The third decline occurred late 2000 , the recent financial crisis 2008/9. The reasons and results of the three falls are very different. Following the first two declines, the United States made efforts to alleviate the declines through reform and innovation. There is a lot of uncertainties whether theRead More Role of IMF and World Bank Essay example1433 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction The worldÃ¢â¬â¢s major international financial institutions represent paradoxical ideals in their quest to satisfy the needs of both developed and developing nations. These institutions are chartered with helping poor nations but are criticized for their neo-colonial policies. Member nations are all considered equal, but contributions make some more equal than others. Mostly, these organizations are managed by rich nations that usurp the autonomy of developing nations in the pursuit of free marketsRead MoreHow Much Aid Should Wealthy Nations Provide For Developing Countries?780 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAid Should Wealthy Nations Provide for Developing Countries? Introduction Politics have been important throughout history, but in the last century, government has changed a large amount. With the rise of the standard of living in first world nations, there has been a push to help bring everyone in the world up to a minimum standard. There have been many perspectives taken on the issue, and there are many articles for helping and against helping developing nations shown through political and historicalRead MoreThe Global Financial Crisis Of The Usa1383 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe recent global financial turmoil started on July 2007 ,mainly in the USA and spread among developed nations in the later part of 2008 and subsequently shifted to the developing nations .this crisis consisted of some prime drawbacks not only for the developed countries but also for developing countries .the most talked about issue in the recent financial arena in the global financial crisis ,which started to show its effect in the middle of the year 2007.the turmoil ,however ,was roo ted in theRead More Microcredit1734 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages that is why they began in the developing countries of Asia and Latin America, economist Muhammad Yunus and his Grameen Bank in Bangladesh are credited of pioneering this financial innovation (Smith, Thurman, 2007). After acquiring a loan, impoverished people get involved in self-employment projects that help them to start a business and begin generating income and in many cases leave poverty. Microcredit offers loans to poor people without requesting any financial history from them. These loans
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
INTRODUCTION Republic of Beravania is victimised by man-made and natural devastation. Such emergencies are responsible for immediate and long term effects in low income countries. In addition to deaths due to such catastrophes, disruption of the basic services such as shelter, electricity, water and healthcare leads to increased morbidity and mortality amongst the victims during and after the calamity (Kruk et al. We will write a custom essay sample on Post-emergency phase health plan for Beravania or any similar topic only for you Order Now , 2010, Jean, 1999). Considering the country profile for Beravania and the information available, this is a strategic national health plan for post emergency situation for 2009-14. It is divided in two parts. In the first part, the current situation is analysed and four broad areas of priority health needs are identified and justified. In the second part strategic approaches have been recommended to deal with this priority health needs and further appropriate interventions are planned. SITUATION ANALYSIS Republic of Beravania is an ancient country victimised by man-made and natural catastrophes. These emergencies have worsen the poor health status of the population to such an extent that it could not recover till date. The deteriorating health status of the people especially of the vulnerable group (children and women) call for an urgent need to concentrate the efforts of national and international agencies in planning and strengthening the current health system by a need based health plan for the country. Country has subtropical to cold climate with moderate to heavy rain. Inspite of that there is great constraint in access to clean and safe drinking water to majority of population due to poor infrastructure for storage and supply causing direct impact to the health and physical development of the people especially children. Beravania is one of the poorest country facing great economic difficulties, political and ethnic crisis that further depreciate the situation. Analysis of health indicators of the population reveals that there is very high infant as well as under five mortality rate. The leading causes identified for mortality are diarrhoeal disease, acute respiratory infection, dengue fever, vaccine preventable diseases, and protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiency. Communicable diseases such as HIV, TB and Malaria are a great threat to all age group causing high rate of morbidity and mortality. Disease surveillance system is comparatively well-organized and functional. Health service delivery is inadequate, inaccessible and unaffordable for such a large population due to human and financial resource constraints and unequal allocation of available resources. KEY PRIORITY AREAS The key priority areas identified based on the assessment information for health plan are: 1) Food Security and Nutrition Food shortage and malnutrition are common problems during and after emergencies. Food shortage occurs mainly due to unexpected substantial decline in food availability and accessibility (Korf, 2002, Jean, 1999). In the current scenario, despite of good climate and rainfall suitable for fairly good amount of food crop production, food shortage and malnutrition are most prevalent due to urbanisation, socio-economic reforms, civil conflict and natural calamities like flood and famine (Messer, 2001). It has been proved by various researches that prevalence of malnutrition is much higher among these people as compared to common population. Protein Energy Malnutrition and micronutrient deficiency are commonly identified nutritional problems which are major cause of increased morbidity and mortality in these situations and similar pattern is observed in Beravania also (Jean, 1999). Improving the nutritional status has a positive impact on health status, resistance to disease and psycho-social well being which justifies it to be on the priority list. 2) Health Service Strengthening Post emergency period is most convenient for improving the healthcare services that has been ruined by the catastrophes. Healthcare is a basic necessity and so during emergency main focus is on quantity of health service provision while in post emergency adequate health service provision and strengthening is important to be considered. Health services established during emergency phase can be reoriented, restructured and reinforced based on needs assessment (Alonso, 2006). In the post emergency phase healthcare programmes requiring stable circumstances with long term treatment and follow-up such as T.B, HIV, Mental health and maternal and child health programmes can be restructured and implemented effectively (Kruk et al., 2010). Community health services can also be reorganised. 3) Communicable Disease Control There is an increased risk of epidemic of communicable diseases even in the post emergencies period. Some of the common contributing risk factors are deprivation of basic needs such as food, clean drinkable water, healthcare as well as increased risk due to deficiency of nutrition and immunity, lack of shelter, sanitation and hygiene. Communicable diseases are primary cause of disease related morbidity and mortality during these situations. Most prevalent communicable diseases during this situation are diarrhoeal disease, acute respiratory infections, T.B, HIV and malaria (Speigel, 2004). Similar condition is observed in Beravania in the post emergency phase. Hence it requires an immediate attention. 4) Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Water is the basic necessity that is impacted severely during emergencies and even in post emergencies if problem is not resolved by long term sustainable alternatives. Ã¢â¬Å"Water and environment plays a major role in spread of communicable diseases and epidemicsÃ¢â¬ (Jean, 1999). In Beravania in-spite of having good rainfall it is facing scarcity of clean drinking water and also spread of diarrhoeal disease which is one of the leading causes of child morbidity and mortality post emergency. Hence it is considered as a priority for planning and maintaining minimum risk threshold for water, sanitation and hygiene related morbidity and mortality (Richards, 2004). twa REFERENCES ALONSO, A. 2006. Rehabilitating the health system after conflict in East Timor: a shift from NGO to government leadership. Health Policy and Planning, 21, 206-216. JEAN, R., E. SONDROP, F. VAULTIER (ed.) 1999. Refugee Health Ã¢â¬â An approach to emergency situations. KORF, B., E. BAUER. 2002. Food Security in the Context of Crisis and Conflict: Beyond Continuum Thinking. Gatekeeper Series No.SA106, 1, 1-25. KRUK, M. E., ROCKERS, P. C., WILLIAMS, E. H., VARPILAH, S. T., MACAULEY, R., SAYDEE, G. GALEA, S. 2010. Availability of essential health services in post-conflict Liberia. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 88, 527-534. MESSER, E., M.J. COHEN, T.MARCHIONE. 2001. Conflict: A Cause and Effect of Hunger. In: ECSP (ed.). RICHARDS, P., K.BAH, J.VINCENT. 2004. Social Capital and Survival: Prospects for Community-Driven Development in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone. In: BANK, W. (ed.) Community Driven Development, Conflict prevention and Reconstruction. World Bank. SPEIGEL, P. B. 2004. HIV/AIDS among Conflict affected and displaced populations: Dispeclling Myths and taking action. Disasters, 28, 322-339. How to cite Post-emergency phase health plan for Beravania, Essay examples
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Discuss about theEducation for Australian Professional Standards. Answer: Introduction and significance The teacher often share significant responsibility in the preparation of young people lives for a successful and productive lives. The Australian Professional Standards for Teachers standards is built on the international and national evidence that the effectiveness of the teacher has a powerful impact on the students (Aitsl.edu.au, 2016).Therefore it is of great significance to note that the quality of the teacher has an impact on the students achievement.Teachers who are effective they tend to provide a consistent and dependable influence on the students as they make their career choices. The significance of the standards The teacher's standards inform on the professional development of the learning goals, providing a framework through which the teachers can assess the students learning and assist them where they require help. The standards contribute to the professionalization of the teachers and profession status raise. The standards are often used as the model of accountability to ensure that teachers demonstrate professionalism in knowledge, practice, and engagement. Two professional goals My selected two standard focus and development during my one month placement at kindergarten comprises of: Plan and implement effective teaching and learning-professional knowledge Know the content and how to teach-professional practice. Professional knowledge Teachers are required to draw on research and expert knowledge to respond to their student's needs based on their educational context. They are aware of how to structure their lesson to meet the needs of the physical intellectual and social development together with their student's characteristics (Education.gov.au, 2016). The area of focus is the content teaching and the strategies of teaching area. The two goals that I have selected are important aspect of professional knowledge and engagement due to the following reasons: I have selected the two goals for standard teaching because, they set goal that is clear and measurable. They inform the teacher on what should be expected as the outcome of the course of study ought to be. Secondly, the selected goal educate the instruction .standards are what the assessments are designed to achieve and support. Lastly the chosen goal help in achievement measuring. They set standard objects that can be measured within the state or across the country to determine the success of the student (EduResearch Matters, 2013). Appropriate strategies and actions Strategies that I could use on teaching so as to meet each goal of placement comprises of the following: Strategies for content teaching area: Show high-level knowledge of the conceptual understanding and the structure and substance of the content and the teaching approaches of the area. Change activities that are engaging through the application of understanding of the content and the approaches on coaching area. Show support to the colleagues through the use of the comprehensive and current knowledge of the teaching strategies and content to develop and implement the teaching programs and engage in learning. Improve the content knowledge through initiatives of the lead within the schools to evaluate the strategies and show exemplary effectiveness in the teaching of the subjects, research that is based on the teaching programs and learning. Content selection and organization The efficient sequence in teaching and organization of the content. Content is organized into well sequenced learning and programs for teaching that is coherent. Content is organized in a way that exhibits practice that is innovative in the organization due to select the content and teaching programs and in learning the delivery method. Lead in the initiatives which utilize content comprehensive knowledge to improve the sequencing and selection of the material in a coherently teaching programs and organized learning. Structure, plan and sequence learning programs Plan of the lesson sequence through the use of student knowledge in Content and actual teaching approaches. Implement learning programs that are well structured and well planned or sequence of lessons designed that engage the student to promote the student learning and engage them. Work well with colleagues to evaluate, modify and plan programs on teaching that can create learning environments that are productive and engage all students. Lead fellow teachers in planning as they exhibit an exemplary practice to implement assessment the efficiency of their learning and teaching plans to develop the understanding of the students understanding and abilities. Use of strategies in teaching Incorporate a variety of teaching strategies. Select and make use of the teaching strategies that are relevant to develop the skills and knowledge problem skills and creative thinking. Show support to fellow teachers in the selection and useful application creative thinking and critical problem-solving. Work well with associates to review, modify and increase their training strategies skills to enable the student knows problem-solving skills and creative thinking. Establish learning goals that are challenging Set learning goals which provide possible challenges to students of with varying abilities and characteristics. Set goals for the students that are challenging, achievable and explicit. Develop a culture that is based on the high expectation for all the students through modelling and challenges setting. Show an exemplary practice that is of high expectation and guide fellow teachers to motivate students to pursue their goals in their education. Conclusion The Australian professional standards development for the teaching profession is critical part for the scoring of the quality teaching and learning in the Australian schools. With the implementation, the education system in Australia is strategically placed to be among the best globally. The values have been built upon the critical work that was previously undertaken in Australia. They are essential components on modification which have been reached upon in nationally partnership on the improvement of teachers quality that will help in the goal realization that were set out in Melbourne declaration (Education.uq.edu.au, 2013). References Acecqa.gov.au. (2011). Quality Area 1 Educational program and practice. [online] Available at: https://www.acecqa.gov.au/nqf/national-quality-standard/quality-area-1-educational-program-and-practice [Accessed 26 Mar. 2018]. Aitsl.edu.au. (2016). Understand the Teacher Standards. [online] Available at: https://www.aitsl.edu.au/teach/understand-the-teacher-standards [Accessed 26 Mar. 2018]. Education.uq.edu.au. (2013). Australian Professional Standards for Teachers. [online] Available at: https://education.uq.edu.au/files/275/QCT%20Australian%20Professional%20Standards%20for%20Teachers.pdf [Accessed 26 Mar. 2018]. EduResearch Matters. (2013). Australian Professional Standards for Teachers are useful to teacher education students, heres how. [online] Available at: https://www.aare.edu.au/blog/?p=1857 [Accessed 26 Mar. 2018]. Education.gov.au. (2016). Teaching and School Leadership | Department of Education and Training. [online] Available at: https://www.education.gov.au/quality-teaching [Accessed 26 Mar. 2018]. Bibliography Australian Science Teachers Association, (2012). Professional standards for highly accomplished teachers of science. Celik, S., (2011). Characteristics and competencies for teacher educators: Addressing the need for improved professional standards in turkey. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 36(4), pp.73-87. Louden, W., (2000). Standards for standards: The development of Australian professional standards for teaching. Australian Journal of Education, 44(2), pp.118-134. Mayer, D., Mitchell, J., Macdonald, D. and Bell, R., (2005). Professional standards for teachers: A case study of professional learning. Asia?Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, 33(2), pp.159-179. Sachs, J., (2011). Teacher professional identity: Competing discourses, competing outcomes. Journal of education policy, 16(2), pp.149-161.
Monday, March 23, 2020
Amazon It Strategy Essays Amazon It Strategy Essay Amazon It Strategy Essay Consumers, particularly young consumers, Increasingly view the Internet as their primary source of entertainment. This trend in attitude is the driving force 1 OF 7 Detente Innovations Tanat seek to merge ten Attitudinally AT televisions, PCs, gaming consoles, smart phones etc. Players in this space, such as Rook, BIJOU, and Applets, have focused on ways to facilitate the watching of downloaded or streaming movies on TV and channels like BBC and HOBO make their content available on the internet where users can watch them anytime. As this trend evolves, devices that provide multiple functionalities will win consumers largely. Televisions that allow on-demand video streaming, AD, live gaming, online shopping and quick browsing will wipe out the dumb boxes, Just like smart phones that replaced traditional cell phones. In addition, companies like Nettling have expanded their business model to online video streaming in response to the decline in the purchase and rental of DVDs. This evolution is mainly attributed to the change in behavior of consumers who care more about what they want to watch than from what source or on what device. Streaming and portability across multiple devices Consumers demand more value and convenience for their purchase. There is an increasing demand for portability across multiple devices. A user should be able to stream a video through Apple tunes on her PC and be able to watch it on her car entertainment system while traveling. To add to her experience, her car entertainment will know where exactly she stopped watch the same video on her PC and will start playing from there. This is the internet of things in the media industry. 3. Evolving ecosystem There have been three major trends in the digital media ecosystem: Move from pure competition to strategic partnerships Recently, Nettling has signed up with Amazon to move its web technology to Amazons loud, though it competes with Amazon on DVD rentals and video streaming. This is just one example where competitors partner with each other to grow together with industry and increase the size of the pie. One might expect more partnerships among the movie studios, content distributors, app developers and device manufacturers and lesser vertical integration Entry of new players As the ecosystem evolves, it attracts the entry of new players into different businesses. The emergence of internet of things will create opportunities for device manufacturers, platform and app developers and telecoms service providers to play a ajar role in shaping the future of the industry. In addition, the growing market will invite big and smaller players outside media industry to grab a share for themselves. Wall-Marts purchase of Vaduz is one such case and an older classic case is, of course, the launch of Amazon Video On-Demand! Cross-sector opportunities convergence Just as media industry creates opportunities for new entrants, the technology, consumer base and data possessed by the existing players makes them important components in other sectors. Personal gadgets like watches can become an integral ice in the internet of things and play a major role in connecting to the cloud and streaming authentication. Further, when live streaming technology matures and the demand for tell-health rises, platform and app developers like Amazon and streaming device manufacturers TIVOLI and Rook can leverage their technology expertise in the healthcare sector. We already experience a convergence between the digital media and publishing sectors with players like Amazon and Apple increasing presence in both and building technologies like pads which blur the distinction between media and publishing for an end-consumer. These cross-sector opportunities will bring about more and more convergence, wherein a every company will be able to influence multiple sectors and generate revenue across industries. This, in turn, will be enabled by and will lead to more complex partnerships and licensing deals. 4. Cloud is the enabler For the trends discussed above, including the internet of things and on demand streaming, cloud computing will be the enabler. More and more companies across industries want to get on to the cloud to decrease costs and focus efforts on their core business. This explains why the bandwidth consumed by Amazons global besides is far less compared to that consumed by its web services. The cloud is important specifically to the media industry because it is the most efficient approach to handle customer data, distribute streaming APS, enable devices to talk to each other and above all content storage. 5. Getting closer to the customer than ever before As per a Minute report, between 2007 and 2009, online video ad sales increased 161. % from $424 million to $1. 1 billion. The category includes video ads, layovers, and banner ads within videos. In spite of these rapid gains, Online video currently accounts for only 3. % of ad dollars spend on media, making it a clear target for growth. To fill this gap, there is a need for extensive data analytics and innovative means to understand the customer better. Amazon is big on tracking customer behavior and leveraging it in different aspects of its business. Media distributors are in a very unique position to reach the customers and we see players like Tivoli investing heavily in data analytics. Some other players partner with companies like Google to transform the data they own into useful information that can be modernized. Real-time data analytics gives an opportunity for players in this space. In an ideal world, Olive Gardens will want its ad to be displayed when a person is in a car watching a movie streamed through Amazon in the car entertainment system and is within 1 mile radius of its restaurant at 12 noon. At the end of the day, the one who wins is the one who can give the right ad to the right customer at the right time Amazon Lets take a look at Amazons mission statement once before getting in depth. To be Earths most customer-centric company where people can find and discover anything they want to buy online Breaking it down: customers Buyers, sellers, Developers, Partners Anything they want I Books, music, apparel, video, devices, web service, platform, applications. What is not obvious in this mission statement is that Amazon intends to expand their business, innovate and creep into multiple sectors leveraging their technology expertise. In short, Amazon wants to be disruptive in what they do! Amazon has strengths that are unique to its status and would not carry over to its competitors that emulate its design. The company is simply so different from other players in its space, be it retailers, software providers, digital media providers, that whats good for Amazon is not good for its competitors in different sectors. Strengths * Customer Relations Management * Information Technology * Data Analytics * Strong Brand * Innovative approach to new business development * Business strategy interwoven with IT strategy * Diversified business Opportunities * Cross sales * Partnerships established well in co-branding without brand dilution or lead a disruptive change Recommendation * Initiate On the basis of the emerging trends in the digital media industry and Amazons strengths and opportunities, I recommend that Amazon should develop a platform to enable video streaming across multiple devices using the cloud and lead the Journey towards internet of things in digital media space. Technology The platform will have many components: 1 . Web service that can be accessed by any device to access and store user data in the cloud 2. App that will enable devices to talk to each other 3. App that will stream video to any device (phone, TV, car). The key feature of this platform is device independence. Value Proposition to End-Users 1 . Purchase and watch videos online from Amazon Video On-Demand or Nettling using a delivery gadget- PC, smart phone, gaming console, TV 2. Your delivery gadget tells your personal synchronizing gadget watch, a dumb phone, MPH player or anything that you always carry with you about your video watching behavior 3. Personal gadget stores information in the cloud 4. When you are in your car or using your gaming console, you personal gadget accesses the cloud and transmits the information to the device in front of you 5. Your delivery device then knows what exactly you want to watch right now and starts playing it! Implications The New Ecosystem Amazons streaming platform well Drill In new players Into ten Logical meal ecosystem and also negatively impact some existing players Major Participants: Delivery Gadgets I TV, Smart Phones, PC, Car entertainment system, In-flight entertainments system, Gaming consoles I Content Distributors I Hull, Amazon Video On-Demand, Nettling, Apple tunes (? ) I Synchronizing Gadgets I Wrist watch, MPH players, dumb cellular phones, smart phones, PC,TV I Other participants include ad agencies and data analytics providers. Key Partnerships and Amazons Value Proposition * Tivoli: Tivoli will slowly disappear if internet of things starts gaining traction. Therefore partnering with Amazon to develop the streaming platform will be a insensible strategic move for the company. In return, Amazon can leverage Divots streaming technology and resources in building this platform. * Flash: Amazon can leverage its existing partnership with Flash and make it an integral part of the streaming platform to enable device independence. Thus any device that has Amazons app to stream videos will use Flash and any content distributor who participates will deliver Flash-compatible video. * Content Distributors: Companies like hull and Nettling do not have the technical expertise or resources to build a streaming platform to enable interconnectivity between devices. Partnering with Amazon and purchasing license to use its streaming platform will help these companies increase their customer base and the frequency of usage of their services (customers can now watch a hull video while flying). * Device Manufacturers: When this technology gains traction, end users will prefer to own a device that can enable a great, convenient entertainment experience whether it is a wrist watch, TV or a smart phone. But, on order to light a spark that will create this demand, Amazon needs to partner with device manufacturers and incentive them to have its streaming platform included in the device. Once the network effects start working and users show an increased demand, more and more device manufacturers will want to have Amazons app on their products. Thus both parties increase their reach to end users. * Network Infrastructure: Amazon will see a huge surge in bandwidth and server demands in the future. Therefore, it is important for Amazon to partner with companies like Zamia Technologies that can power their platform delivery from the cloud and seamless video streaming. To handle bandwidth needs, however, Amazon should leave it to the device manufacturers to make partnerships with telecoms companies like Ericson. Who stays neutral or loses in the game? * Youth: The nature of the videos, including length and quality, and the lack of organization will hinder Youth from reaping any significant benefit from this trend. Compass: The primary delivery channel for Compass is cable. Therefore Compass will not gain from the interconnectivity of devices. Rather, internet of things is going against their core business and if this technology gains traction Compass might not generate sizable revenue from on-demand video business. * Nettling: This technology and business model will cannibalize revenue from DVD purchase and mental for Nettling. However, there is already a decline in the demand for DVDs and therefore the increase in revenue from the interconnectivity and cross-streaming across evolves will outline ten centralization Impact. Pricing The end-user is concerned about prices in two forms: a. Price of Video Streaming: The content distributors will experience an increase in ad revenue and revenue from purchase of content because of the improved user experience with the new platform. In order to keep this revenue flowing, there should not be any significant increase in the price that users pay for content currently. B. Price of Devices: In order to experience the interconnectivity and convenience of cross-device streaming, end-users will be willing to pay a premium for devices that support this feature. To end-users, this is a one-time expenditure that will enable them enjoy the benefits over a long time (they dont pay a premium for content). Real- time Streaming Sports: There is a huge opportunity for sports channels to partner with content distributors to deliver real-time sports videos across multiple devices. Such videos are very valuable when watched live, but decrease significantly in value once the event is over. Therefore, this is a place where both the content owner and the distributor can demand a premium from end users and increase revenues. Revenue sharing Players who are very close to the end-consumer constantly are the ones to capture maximum value from data analytics and ads. The following table lays down the revenue model for the different players in this ecosystem Amazon | 1. Revenue from content distributors and device manufacturers by selling license to incorporate and use its platform 2.
Friday, March 6, 2020
rent control essays In theory rent control sounds like a perfect way to help the poor by setting the price ceilings on the rent, but in reality it only will hurt them. In the real world rent controls do not work like most people would expect them to, maybe its because not many people had their lesson in economics. Controls on rent will lead to less efficient allocation of scarce resources, and people at the top of the economic ladder will not be hurt. Only those at the bottom of the economic ladder will be hurt because even with price ceilings bottom ladder of the society is still not participating in the market. Instead of trying to transfer wealth from landlords to tenants, people at the lower ladder should be helped by allowing them to participate in the market just like the rest of economic society. The effects of the rent control will be shortages; higher prices and landlords would eventually allow their buildings to deteriorate, this is the time where government should let the "invisible hand " do its job and let the supply and demand determine the price of rent. Rent control has been enforced in many major American cities for many decades. The best know examples of rent control are in New York, which still has rent control from the temporary wartime price controls imposed during World War II. During 1970's it looked like price ceilings on rent would be the wave of the future. Boston implemented rent control during the inflation years of 1969 through 1971. Many cities that adopted rent controls eventually made them permanent even after they have expired. Even though rent controls were becoming very popular some cities still remained immune to this temptation. Chicago has one of the largest populations of renters in America, but they have never seriously considered adopting this system. At this time there are about 31 American states that have created laws and constitutional amendments forbidding rent control. Once in place, rent co...
Tuesday, February 18, 2020
Huamnities - Essay Example For example, he betrayed his wife by having an illicit affair with Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom, war, the arts, industry, justice and skill. Many themes, motifs and symbols are used in the film: the power of ingenuity over strength, the drawbacks of temptations, disguises, and the wedding bed. All of these film materials subtly imply the common flow of a depiction of classical heroism: the story starts with a conflict, which is followed by a journey, with temptations along the way, and the eventual victory. The Ancient Greeks developed the idea of a hero, a star, or a protagonist. Throughout history, heroism is mostly portrayed through paradox and paradigm. Greek gods can always be observed to be standing in the middle of the beauty of the gods and the susceptibility of humans in battles. Odysseus took a very critical role in the film; he is the leader, and thus, much is expected of him. Being sacrificed to the battle and the claims of personal magnificence and fame, he is destined to although sequestered from the civilization he desires to protect. In his delicate equilibrium between devil-like belligerence and compassion for his victims, classical heroism is raised to prominence but disputed. The inconsistencies of the nature of classical heroism are inculcated in primeval notions by the valour of a woman. Ancient heroines, especially Greek goddesses, arise from the locations of the battles, taken away from the meadows of fight, but still are fully impacted in them the predicaments wherein political allegiances go against each other, and where fierce slaughtering is the lone way for a solution to be achieved. There is an overwhelming consistency in the adaptation of struggle, lost, pain, heartache, temptation, and victory into the way classical heroism is being depicted, not just in film, but in other forms of arts. In the Odyssey, Odysseus had